THE SAFE, SUSTAINABLE AND CONNECTED MOBILITY STRATEGY WILL BASE ITS DEVELOPMENT ON NINE PILLARS, WHICH DEVELOP THROUGH 40 LINES OF ACTION AND 150 CONCRETE MEASURES.
The first of the pillars focuses on providing public mobility solutions “accessible and affordable for all citizens and in all territories.” This point has a special impact on everyday traffic routes as well as on inclusive mobility.
To achieve these objectives, six lines of action have been established encompassing 24 concrete measures. The initiatives will focus on aspects such as sustainable mobility planning, incentives to discourage private car usage or improved collective and shared means of transport at the intercity and rural level.
The planning and strategic management of the investments of the Mobility Act are contained in the five lines of action of the second pillar and the 13 concrete measures detailed in them. It is noted that the provision of infrastructure in Spain is high, hence its modernization should be analysed. For this reason, clear criteria are sought to prioritise funds.
This pillar highlights the need to complete the processing of the Railway Indicative Strategy and includes an agreement between the Ministry of Development and Adif-Adif Alta Velocidad, in view of the substantial increase in resources for the maintenance of the entire network.
Safety, from a comprehensive point of view, is one of the key areas of this Strategy. Pillar 3 is structured in nine lines of action and 29 measures. It includes a strengthening of the investments and the supervisory and control organisations, as well as of the surveillance against illegal acts. Proposals include the development of a Strategic Railway Transport Safety Plan.
The digitalisation process is also taken into account with the support for R&D&I (Big Data, Artificial Intelligence), and cybersecurity. In addition, the adaptation of Infrastructure to climate change becomes important.
Sustainability is at the heart of Pillar 4. There is a stimulus from Alternative and Sustainable Energy Sources (electric, hydrogen vehicle) and lower emission means, such as the railway and where the renewal of the current vehicle fleet is being considered.
In addition, there is a sustainability boost in terminals, buildings, and other transport facilities (almost zero energy consumption building in the new construction, audits for energy saving, etc.). These lines of work seek to reduce air pollution and the carbon footprint associated with mobility.
The incorporation of technology as a key support to mobility policies is reflected in this pillar. MINTRA wants to strengthen its role as a facilitator of mobility as a service through initiatives such as the publication of open data or the intelligent management of infrastructures, terminals and stations (BIM methodology in civil works, predictive maintenance tools, improvement of user experience and accessibility of terminals, intelligent energy management systems, etc.).
In addition, other lines are included such as transport and logistics automation, the boost to drones, connected and self-driving vehicles.
The objectives of Pillar 6 are the improvement of node-to-node connectivity and the application of technology to optimise the efficiency of the logistics sector. The four lines of action, which are broken down into 16 measures, have several objectives. On the one hand, to effectively increase railway freight transport to achieve average European quotas and promote an intermodality policy.
On the other hand, it is also sought to reformulate Road Transport and Urban Distribution of Goods (UDG) to make it more sustainable and to digitalise the intermodal logistics chain.
The new strategy also seeks to facilitate the connection with European and global markets. This pillar, made up of four lines of action and 17 measures, focuses on enhancing the work that must be done to effectively implement this international network.
The “Construction of a Single European Transport Area” concerns the development of cross-border sections of European corridors, the deployment of high-capacity digital networks or the completion of the TEN-T Basic Network at national level.
Employment and social aspects are also among the nine main pillars. Pillar 8 brings together lines of action associated with awareness and awareness-raising, employment in the sector (identification of required profiles, boost to training, working conditions, etc.).
This section includes a specific area dedicated to the role of women in the field of transport and mobility. The goal is to achieve a fair transition in all productive sectors.
This pillar explains MITMA’s cultural and organisational change to adapt to the new concept of mobility. In addition to having a new name “Ministry of Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda”, new roles are assumed and the organisation is restructured to promote aspects such as digitalisation, knowledge management, training, etc.
This transformation is also external and incorporates the values of open and inclusive government to coordinate actions with other administrations (transparency, citizen participation, international visibility, etc.).