Nordic countries: Denmark

A full replacement of Banedanmark’s signalling to ERTMS is planned for the end of 2021, as well as other projects among which we must highlight the railway that will connect with Europe.

The structure and railway equipment sector in Denmark has boomed in recent years due to attempts by public authorities to revive the economy through increased public spending.
The sector is highly dependent on the European legislation, namely the Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a single European railway area, since November 21st 2012, and the implementation of the fourth railway package set, which aims to promote interoperability at European level (trans-European transport network) as well as the liberalization of the provision of passenger transport services by rail. To achieve these objectives, it is necessary to harmonize the signalling system on all road networks in Europe through ERTMS and therefore promote safety, punctuality and allow not having to make transfers when changing rail system.

Moreover, regarding the opening of the service to private operators, keep in mind that the sector is fully liberalized, both freight and passenger transport, from January 1st 1999 in the first case and from January 1st 2000 in the case of passenger transport.

Regarding infrastructure, the network of the country was obsolete and in need of renovation. This need, combined with the decision of maintaining the high level of public sector spending has generated a large number of new projects in the rail transport sector which have resulted so far in the following actions:

◗  Electrification of large sections of the rail network.
◗ Expansion of Copenhagen’s metro.
◗ Construction of the tram in Odense.
◗  Construction of the tram in Aarhus.
◗ Extension of the light rail network in Copenhagen’s “Ring 3” area.
◗ High Speed lines “Copenhagen-Ringsted” and “Ringsted-Femern”.
◗ Construction of Femern’s fixed connection..

Electrification program
Banedanmark will conduct a process of electrification of the Danish railway network to upgrade most of the network. Currently, the network has 1,756 km of electrified catenaries between conventional lanes and roads near the Copenhagen area (S-Train).
The project involves an investment of up to DKK 8,700 million (EUR 1,167 million) to be financed with resources from the Royal Fund. In total, the program involves the electrification of 1,362 km, which would lead to have 3,118 km of electrified railway.

Copenhagen-Ringsten Line
The construction of the first High Speed track in Denmark. It is expected to reach speeds up to 250 kilometres per hour for passenger in a shared rail with freight services. It is part of an ambitious project that aims to unite the four major Danish cities (Copenhagen, Odense, Aarhus and Aalborg) in one hour. The budget for this project is DKK 10,400 million (EUR 1.396 million) and would be co-financed by the European Union.
The project requires the construction of a new station in Køge. It is expected that this new route allows doubling the number of travellers by 2020.

Ringsted- Femern Line
The route will link Copenhagen with Germany directly through the tunnel Fermern. It is the continuation of the Copenhagen-Ringsted line and will allow trains to reach speeds of 200 km/h for passenger transport. The budget of this route is EUR 1,200 million, and it is co-financed by the European Union.
The first package for bridges of the contract was assigned in March 2014 to Arkil A/S. Packets number 2, 3 and 4 have been allocated to MT Højgaard a/s in March 2016. The contract for the new broker Masnedø has been assigned to Rohde Nielsen A/S, Denmark.  The contract for the construction of 29 stations is now being announced and there are several more contracts with pre-qualified companies.

Copenhagen Metro
The expansion of the Copenhagen metro is being managed by the company Metroselskabet. It involves the construction of two subway lines, lines 3 and 4, which will complement the two existing. Line 3 is a circular line that will connect the city centre with residential neighbourhoods, while Line 4 will unite the northern port of the city (area of ​​greatest expansion of the current city) with the centre and later with the south port on the Sydhavn branch. The subway expansion will mean the addition of 15 kilometres of track to the 21 km existing today. It is expected to be completed by 2019 and the circular line will complete one full revolution every 24 minutes. A total of 34 vehicles, consisting of 3 cars each, with no access barriers between, be added. The two new subway lines will involve the construction of 17 new stations in the city, to be added to the existing 22 (of which only 9 are underground).

The branch of Sydhavn is still pending assignment contracts for the construction of 4.2 kilometres of lines. It is expected to be divided into 4 contracts, of which 3 of them have a deadline for submission of proposals in November 2016, while the last one is expected to be able to submit proposals until February 2017. A meeting of potential suppliers will be coordinated during the summer of this year and the signing of contracts is expected to take place in mid-2017, at the latest.

Copenhagen metropolitan light rail “Ring 3”
In order to complete the mobility system in the metropolitan area of ​​Copenhagen, the third ring, known as the city’s light rail, is under construction. This is not a subway, although its operating system is relatively similar.

The construction of the third railway ring around the city of Copenhagen involves expanding 27 kilometres the current rail network and adding 27 new stations to the S-Train rail system. The rolling stock will have the same characteristics as that they both use metro and commuter trains: 2.65 meters wide, 3.5 meters high and about 35 meters long, with a capacity of about 230 passengers per vehicle. The frequency of trains passing through each of the different stations will be about 5 minutes on weekdays and 10 minutes on weekends in the busiest stations. Different municipalities are involved in this project: Lyngby, Gladsaxe, Herlev, Albertslund, Rødovre, Glostrup, Brond-by, Hvidovre, Vallensbæk, Ishøj, Høje-Taastrup and the capital.

It is estimated that this new transport system will absorb 43,000 passengers/day, of which about 4,000 would be former car users. In addition, improved mobility will allow setting population in these municipalities, reducing the pressure on property prices in the centre of Copenhagen. In total, it is estimated to carry about 14 million passengers annually, reaching up to 18,000,000 passengers, depending on the evolution of the population in the affected areas.

The budget of the construction works amounts to about DKK 3,931 million (€527 M). To finance it, the various municipalities provide 34% of the funds, 40% will be financed by the Danish state, and the remaining 26% will be provided by the Copenhagen region. The development schedule of work is divided into 4 phases: a first phase including the study of the construction program. The second phase includes the call and the preparatory work. The third phase will consist of the construction and safety checks and finally the fourth and final phase, which would be the normal operation of passenger transport.

Femern tunnel
It is the largest public works project in the history of Denmark and possibly one of the most ambitious in its category within the EU. It is a project initiated by the Nordic country and supported by successive governments, but Germany has always seen it with reticence. Although the European Union itself has been favourable to the idea to the point of including it among the initiatives the EU is co-financing with up to 50% of the total investment, the fact is that the project has suffered successive delays, being subject to great uncertainty. Its opening is set today for 2028. The project budget amounts to EUR 7100 million. The fixed link of Femern is not just a rail link, but includes step for trucks and cars, and is estimated to have a very positive impact on the country’s economy as well as on other Nordic countries (mainly Sweden) because it would enable the exit by road for goods to improve their competitiveness. The project involves the construction of an immersed tunnel consisting of a four-lane highway and an electrified double railway line. The total length of the tunnel will be 18 kilometres; its width will be about 40 meters and height 15 meters. The project design and financing correspond to Denmark, while Germany will be in charge of any connections within its territory.

Once the tunnel is built, railway traffic will reach 200 kilometres per hour, taking about 7 minutes through the tunnel, while road vehicles are limited to 110 kilometres per hour. Currently, the Danish Government has given authority to the company Femern A / S to sign contracts with companies that have been selected to perform different jobs. These contracts are valid until 2019, subject to renegotiation if necessary.

In february 2016, major contracts involving approximately 80% of the total project were assigned, although a series of minor contracts, which will complete the remaining 20%, are still pending. The main contracts are: the construction of the northern part of the tunnel, the construction of the southern part of the tunnel and ramps in infrastructure, all three of them assigned to the consortium Femern Link.

Contractors (FLC); and dredging and jobs to gain land to sea, awarded to the consortium Femern Belt Contractors (FBC). The remaining contracts are expected to be allocated in 2017.