Public transport in the city is expanding its subway and tram line to satisfy population increase.
Metro extension under construction
Algiers is currently immersed in the expansion of its subway. Subway cars come from Spain, specifically manufactured by CAF. 14 units with 6 cars each, giving the convoy a length of 108 meters, with 208 seats and capable of carrying 1,216 people. Trains are capable of reaching speeds of 70 km/h. Line 1 has a transport capacity of 21,000 passengers per hour and direction.
The total cost of metro line 1 is estimated at 1,000 M €, of which 380 correspond to the civil engineering carried out by the Siemens-Vinci-CAF group and the rest to the necessary equipment.
The company RATP-El Djazair (Algerian subsidiary of the RATP-DEV Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens) has obtained the concession of Metro Algiers for €130 M during a for the first eight years by a 130 M €.
Currently, expansion works are being carried out in three different sections:
◗ Between Haï El Badr and El Harrach Centre, with which the network will extend 3.9 kilometres and have 4 stations. Works began in 2008. The section also includes a 280 m viaduct, a tunnel under 408.48 ml, a vaulted underground tunnel of 2166.54 ml 3 works for air extraction. Civil works are in charge of the Algerian-German group, GAMEX, and the implementation of the integrated system was entrusted to the Algerian-French group KOUGC COLASRAIL – CRK.
◗ Works between Haï El Badr and Ain Nadja, with 3.6 kilometres and 2 stations, started in 2010. To carry out this work, a 132.5 ml viaduct, a 241.5 ml main tunnel and a vaulted underground 1840.88 ml tunnel. All stations will have lifts to ensure accessibility for people.
◗ Finally, the stretch between Place Emir Abd el Kader and Place des Martyrs, with 1.7km and 2 stations, which is under construction since 2009. The monitoring and control of part of the works was awarded to Euroestudios.
In addition, as published by the Ministry of Transport of Algeria, there are other sections subject to studies with which a substantial improvement in traffic would be achieved. To achieve this, the following have been studied:
◗ El Harrach -Bab Ezzouar – Haouari Airport. It extends over a length of 9 km and 10 stations, which allows the connection between the central district of El Harrach They Badi, the university area El Harrach, the business center of Bab Ezzouar and Haouari airport and offer a connection to the tram in the connection with the University Houari Boumediene. Civil engineering of this extension has been awarded to Cosider TP.
◗ Ain Naadja – Baraki, which extends over a length of 6 km with 6 stations. The realization of civil engineering of this extension has also been awarded to Cosider TP.
◗ Place des Martyrs – Bab El Oued- Chevalley, with an area of more than 8 km long and 8 stations. This will join the neighbours of Bab El Oued, with a large residential area and difficult to access by public transport, with the neighborhood of El Biar and Chevalley.
◗ Chevalley -Delly Brahim – Cheraga – Ouled Fayet – El Achour – Draria, which will have a length of about 14 km, with a branch to Chevalley – Delly Brahim – El Achour – Draria of about 8 km and 8 stations and another one to Delly Brahim – Cheraga – Ouled Fayet of about 6 km and 6 stations.
If the latest extensions that have been studied are implemented, the metro will reach 40 km and 37 stations in 2020, connecting the most populated areas of the city. In addition, as part of the investment plan for the development of public transport in Algiers, the prospects for 2025 say the city will have an underground network of 54 kilometres and 50 stations.
Tram extension under construction
The first section of the Algiers tramway went into operation in May 2011 with Alstom: 40 rolling stock units that reach 18 million passengers.
The operation of the tram ETUSA (Etablissement suburbain Transport Urbain et d’Alger) is concerned, although the consortium Mediterrail (Algeria Alstom, Alstom Transport, ETRHB and Todini) who has taken care of during the last 10 years of most of the civil engineering, platforms, roads, electrification, signalling, workshops and deposit Bordj El Kiffan, the control centre of the Citadis fleet of rolling stock maintenance and all system equipment.
The first section of the line, which became operational on May 8, 2011, connects neighbourhoods of Bab Ezzouar and Bordj El Kiffan. It has a length of 7.2 kilometres and thirteen stops, as well as the capacity to move 10,000-15,000 daily passengers.
The second section, between Mohamadia and Hussein Dey, became operational in late 2011 and with It, the service network is 23.2 kilometres long.
The stretch of Tamaris (Mokhtar Zerhouni City) to Ruisseau (The Fusillés) through Mohammadia Algiers Fair, became operational in June 13, 2012.
The tram Bordj El Kiffen to Fusillé has a total length of 16.2 kilometres, 28 stations and 8 exchangers. Designed as a comprehensive transportation system, the tram is structured to effectively link the eastern suburbs of Algiers.
Currently, expansion works from Dergana of Bordj El Kiffan are being carried out, with a length of 6.2 km, 8 stations and 2 exchangers at Cafe Chergui and Dergana Center. This extension will cover denser neighbourhoods of the population, including Ben Merabet, Sidi Driss, Faizi, Coffee Chergui and Dergana.
Among the plans provided, according to the Ministry of Transport of Algiers, the feasibility study for a new extension of 4 km and 6 new stations is being carried out.