Berlin: an efficient and modern public transport network


Berlin is a multi-centre city with an extensive and accessible transport network. In addition, it has national and international rail connections of the highest standard. The city has a modern combined regional and suburban system of trains, subways, trams and buses covering a distance of around 1,900 kilometres. The main company in charge of its operation is BVG, which operates 73% of the 1.5 billion trips with more than 3,000 vehicles, 7,500 stops, and 186 lines within a radius of 892 square kilometres. Of all of them, there are two key centres; namely the Berlin-Brandenburg Airport and Central Station.

Due to the fact the number of passengers is constantly increasing, programmes have been devised to respond to new demands, which also take into account aspects such as the environment, digitalisation and the incorporation of new technologies to achieve an intelligent mobility. The city-state of Berlin has embarked upon the plan “The Berlin Strategy.” An Urban Development Concept Berlin 2030 “where sustainable urban transport is one of the axes. The goal is to improve the overall efficiency of the system.

Metropolitan Rail Network

The Berlin Underground, U-Bahn, operated by the Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG), is the largest system in Germany and the fifth largest in Europe. Together with the commuter train (S-Bahn), whose commercial operation is in charge of S-Bahn Berlin GmbH, it forms the dense urban transport network of the city. The network has ten lines that connect 170 stations and total 146 kilometres in length. In addition, it registers more than 1.4 million passengers a day. This metropolitan rail network is the fifth most important in Europe.

BVG continues with improvement plans to respond to the growing demand with the reinforcement of its rolling stock fleet or various improvements in the network, amongst other aspects.

These include the acquisition of 80 units to Stadler Pankow, in response to an urgent need to increase capacity in some of its lines. The first one is planned for the second half of 2019.


The tramway network in Berlin is the fourth largest in the world after Melbourne, St. Petersburg and Sofia.

It has 22 lines offering a network of 300 kilometres and 802 stops. The city is investing in new branches among which are Alexanderplatz-Rathaus Steglitz, Potsdamer Platz-Schöneweide, Potsdamer Platz – Johannisthal – Zwickauer, Turmstraße – Jungfernheid, Spittelmarkt – Mehringdamm, Anbindung Ostkreuz, Pankow – Weißens, are just some examples