This is clear from the Trends Report of the Transport Sector, prepared by Indra, which analyzes the geopolitical, regulatory, social, organizational and technological environment of the sector, as well as the main challenges and objectives that the various agents of this transformation are pursuing in terms of mobility (https://www.indracompany.com/en/ittreport2018).
Digital technologies enable developments such as mobility as a service, inter-modality, autonomous driving and predictive maintenance, which are considered key factors for the mobility of the future, and they will mean important advantages for users, managers, operators and public bodies and authorities: lower costs, the possibility of resizing routes, safer car driving and less severe environmental impacts, among many other aspects.
According to Indra’s Report, the transport operators will carry out a more intelligent, inter-modal and optimized management of their services. Operators of buses, subways and trains will soon have a centralized integrated route management system connected to traffic and traveler information, which machine learning and big data will use to resize routes in real time and generate customized routes for users of other means of transport.
Transport infrastructure maintenance will be increasingly predictive, starting from the very design of the infrastructure in the BIM (Building Information Model), up to the collection of relevant data through Big Data to establish indicators and patterns that, supported by artificial intelligence, will help with decision making. Inspections through the use of unmanned vehicles (UAVs) and the use of augmented reality for operator training and remote assistance for sensitive repairs will also transform these services.