Amurrio has manufactured 42 AV4 turnouts and supplied components for 100 turnouts more. He has also taken part in the development of this turnout, created for the Spanish High Speed.
AV4 is the fourth generation of the turnouts created by Fabrides UTE (in which Amurrio is integrated) according to ADIF requirements for High Speed.
One of the big improvements include a modular fastening system, more versatile for use in turnouts. It also has an optimized geometry that improves comfort and reduces maintenance. And the crossing has been equipped with a movable point on roller bearingsthat eases movement and reduces maintenance.
The AV4 turnouts manufactured by Amurrio have been installed in the Mediterranean corridor and the routes Olmedo-Zamora, Valladolid-Palencia-León and Antequera-Granada. They have also been approved for use in desert conditions on the Mecca-MedinaHigh Speed Line in Saudi Arabia.
CAF has vast experience in the design, manufacture, supply and maintenance of high speed trains. In addition to playing an important role in the supply of the high-speed Spanish train (AVE) for the Madrid-Sevilla line, CAF has manufactured 120 and 121 series trains for RENFE.
These trains can reach a maximum speed of 250 km/h and they are fitted with BRAVA variable gauge system (Self-propelled Variable Gauge Bogie System), which allows the vehicle to adapt to different track gauges where it operates with no need to stop. The units are designed for complete railway interoperability since they can run on tracks supplied at different voltages (3,000 VDC to 25 kV AC) and with different signalling systems (from ASFA to ERTMS or LZB).
Furthermore, CAF is testing its very high speed prototype Oaris in the Spanish railway network, which is at the final stage of homologation. With a maximum speed of 350 km/h, this train incorporates the latest dynamics, aerodynamics and noise technologies, in full compliance.
Rails for High-speed railways, with speeds over 350 km/h, are one of the most demanding steel products that must fulfil a multitude of technological requirements. ArcelorMittal has developed state-of-the-art systems for rails production and control that allow our rails to comply the most strictest requirements.
ArcelorMittal has been producing high speed rails since 1990, with more than 1.500.000 tonnes supplied of this product, in Spain (Palencia-Leon line, Madrid-Castilla La Mancha-Comunidad Valenciana-Región de Murcia, etc) and for large high-speed projects worlwide (Germany, Morocco, Turkey, Mexico). At present, it can supply individual bars up to 120 metres long with maximum reliability, geometrical precision, strict flatness and the highest quality on the market.
◗ TALLERES ALEGRÍA
Talleres Alegría has actively participated in the development of the Spanish High Speed since 1999. The Company has brought its skilled know-how to the design and construction of turnout, track apparatus and expansion apparatus in a a large number of lines of this network, the second one of the world in terms of extension and developments in this field: The AV4 turnout. It is an advanced solution, according to Adif requirements, that has implemented numerous enhancements to improve comfort and security. AV4 new generation turnouts have been designed and made entirely in Spain. T.A. has also developed and patented high speed expansion devices, with elongations of up to 1000 mm, that have been installed in AVE lines.
The prominent role of the company in the spanish high speed network has also been exported to international projects of technical and strategic relevance such as the Mecca-Medina High Speed Line (Saudi Arabia). The Company offers complementary services that cover the entire project cycle, from the initial design stage to technical assistance (fixed track equipment).
Founded in July 1966, last year TYPSA celebrated 50 years of activity, during which time the company has become one of the leading consulting companies in the railway field.
TYPSA has taken an active role in the growth of high speed rail in Spain from the start. The company took part in the first Madrid – Seville high-speed railway line works and then helped build every high-speed railway line in Spain: the Madrid – Zaragoza – Barcelona – French border line; the Córdoba – Málaga line; the Madrid – Segovia – Valladolid line plus links to northern and north-western Spain, such as the Basque ‘Y’ and the link to Galicia; the Madrid – Castile La Mancha – Valencian Community – Murcia Region line; the Navarre high-speed corridor; the Madrid – Badajoz line and the Galician Atlantic Axis. TYPSA carried out all kinds of tasks in these lines: informative studies, detailed designs, construction supervision, construction engineering services, etc.
TYPSA’s business expanded across Spain as it spread internationally, taking its experience and knowledge of the railway sector to other countries. To a greater or lesser extent, TYPSA has participated in major international projects such as the Madrid – Lisbon high speed line (Poceirão-Caia section), the Figueres- Perpignan line (Spain-France), the São Paulo-Rio de Janeiro line (Brazil), the Lyon-Torino line (France-Italy), the Lahore – Rawalpindi line (Pakistan) and the Los Angeles-Las Vegas line (USA). Currently, TYPSA is involved in the design of high-speed networks in Sweden and the United Kingdom.
In all, TYPSA has participated in the planning, design, and supervision of more than 6 500 km of high-speed lines. All of this is thanks to a great team of professionals: widely experienced and highly specialised teams working in every discipline of a railway engineering project to prepare prior studies and designs and carry out construction supervision and construction engineering services. Moreover, TYPSA is constantly evolving to implement the latest technical innovations and acquire new skills to help maintain its prominent position in this field.
◗ BOMBARDIER SPAIN
Bombardier develops many signalling and propulsion projects for the Spanish High Speed. Bombardier signalling is present in more than 970 km of the Spanish high-speed network, including sections of the Mediterranean Corridor (more than 450 km), the Atlantic Corridor (20 km) and the Valladolid-Palencia-León (165 km), Venta de Baños-Burgos (87 km) and Plasencia-Cáceres-Badajoz (192 km) lines, as well as in the section between L’Hospitalet de Llobregat and Mataró, in the Barcelona commuter network (56 km).
The successful projects developed at Trápaga’s factory includes the BOMBARDIER MITRAC propulsion systems for the 91 high-speed trains AVE S102, AVE S112 and AVE S130 from Renfe, the propulsion and control equipment for more than 300 Madrid Metro units, the propulsion systems for the FGC 213 series regional trains, or the propulsion and control equipment for Metro Bilbao. The propulsion of the 100 freight locomotives of the series 253 of Renfe (BOMBARDIER TRAXX F140 DC) is also developed in Trápaga, where it has been developed the propulsion system of the European fastest train (V300 Zefiro).
CETEST has been in charge of the homologation tests for OARIS train, a high-speed vehicle developed by CAF for RENFE. Structural tests for the main components have been performed (car body, bogie, bolsters, axles and wheels, axleboxes…), as well as running characteristics according to EN 14363, stationary and on track tests, EMC, acoustics and vibrations, and the rest of tests required, within the TSI 2008/108/CE framework.
With more than 50 years of experience, Getinsa-Payma is a leading company in the Spanish high speed sector. We have carried out studies and designs for more than 5,200 km of railway lines and supervised the works for more than 4,650 km. Furthermore, we have been involved in the development of all of the High Speed Railway Lines in Spain.
Among our most significant assignments, the following are worth mentioning:
– Feasibility study and preliminary design of the Teruel-Saragossa High Speed Railway Line. 180 km.
– Assembly, installation and commissioning of all the systems which are necessary for the operation of the Córdoba-Malaga High Speed Railway Line. 155 km. Design speed: 300 km/h.
– Madrid-Valencia-Albacete High Speed Railway Line. Modified designs 1 and 2. 955 km.
– Works management for the installation of the telecommunications system and GMS-R in the Madrid-Saragossa-Barcelona-French Border High Speed Railway Line. 450 km.
– Supervision of the works in the section between Orense and Lalín. 42 km. Design speed: 350 km/h.
– Supervision of the works in the section between Soto del Real and Segovia, including two parallel high speed tunnels with a total length of 28.4 km. Design speed: 350 km/h.
– Supervision of the works for the construction of Arroyo de las Piedras Viaduct. 1,220 m.
Our broad experience in Spain has enabled us to export our know-how to other countries and to win significant contracts in Turkey, Saudi Arabia and the United States.
IDOM has developed more than 55 High Speed projects in Spain during the last 15 years, which covers a total of 2,300 km, both in the design and works supervision.
Highlights the Basic Design and Works Supervision of the stretch Lalín – Santiago with 47 km in length; as well as the Detail Design and Works Supervision of the sub-section of Alcántara-Garrovillas Reservoir, which includes the Almonte viaduct, with a 384 m central arch, which is the world’s longest span for a high-speed arch bridge.
Regarding the High Speed stations, IDOM has developed the Basic Design for the enlargement of the Atocha Station in Madrid and the Detailed Design and Works Supervision of the Joaquín Sorolla station in Valencia.
The history of the Spanish High Speed, is united to the one of Faiveley Transport. On the trains that inaugurated the Madrid-Sevilla line (S/100 of Alstom), Faiveley supplied the complete brake system, access doors, event recorder and signal control (ATESS), pantographs, antilocking system, Various electrical appliances and chemical WC.
Since 1992 Faiveley has continued to supply equipment for the various train series that have been added to the park, such as the S/112 Talgo trains , S/103 Siemens, S/120 CAF or S/130 from Talgo / Bombardier.
Also Faiveley Transport is currently present in many international high speed projects in all countries of the world.
Also Faiveley Transport is currently present in many international high speed projects in all countries of the world.
From its beginnings, Ineco has been involved in the implementation of the Spanish high speed rail network, and was active in the planning, design, and technological development, to achieve a safer and more efficient railway system.
Over 20 years experience in design, construction, signalling, communications, maintenance and traffic management projects, for greater efficiency and safety. Our excellent engineering skills have enabled us to overcome the challenges of Spain’s difficult and rather complicated landscape, designing and building some of the longest tunnels in the world and constructing internationally renowned viaducts as Guadarrama Tunnel, with 28.4 km, Contreras Viaduct, the biggest concrete railway bridge in Europe. We have also participated in the extension, planning and construction of the main network stations linking Spanish cities.
We invest in the latest and most advanced high speed technology. This is reflected in the implementation of the ERTMS (European Rail Traffic Management System).
◗ THALES SPAIN
With more than 65 years of presence in Spain with railway solutions, Thales is part of the modern railway having participated in its evolution and being pioneer in the introduction of most of the technology advances. Thales is present in the Spanish High Speed network with signaling, communications and traffic control systems since its very beginning in 1992 with the Madrid-Seville line.
Today Thales is present in more than 2.700km of high Speed network (Madrid-Seville, Madrid-Valladolid, Orense Santiago de Compostela, Madrid-Valencia/Albacete, Olmedo-Orense,etc.) with different solutions and technologies, including almost 1.000km of ETCS, and providing maintenance services in around 1.900km.
The SENER engineering and technology group is a leader in railway transport, with a track record of nearly 17,000 km of studies and projects for new high-speed rail lines all over the the world. In Spain, SENER pioneered the planning and design of the country’s high-speed rail lines, taking part in the main national projects that are now on revenue operation. SENER also makes major developments in railway technology, such as a very-short-term crosswind gust prediction system and a safety system that mitigates the risk of derailing, in addition to its innovative aerodynamic studies. It has also made developments for optimizing operations, such as IF-Zone and Blocksat.
Thanks to the high specialization in the railway sector, the company took over the development of the first high speed line in Spain from Madrid to Seville at the end of the 80s. From then, COMSA has participated in every project of the High Speed Line (AVE) performing construction and maintenance works, catenary and substations’ installations, security and communication systems, as well as network management and control centers.
The company has invested in developing the North and Northeast-corridor (AVE to Galicia, Asturias and Y Basque), the High Speed Line from Madrid to the French Border, the Levante Line, and the corridor to Portugal. The company has recently executed the new line between Valladolid and León and keeps developing new sections of the Antequera-Granada project.
◗ SIEMENS SPAIN
In 1989, Siemens, as leader of the Hispanic-German consortium, was entrusted to lay the foundation stone in High Speed Lines construction in Spain after the awarding of Madrid-Seville High Speed Line, opened in 1992, coinciding with the Universal Exhibition in Seville. Since that date, this company has become a reference within the railway sector in Spain and worldwide, and nowadays it can be said that Siemens has participated almost in all the High Speed Lines currently operating or under construction in Spain: Madrid-Seville, Madrid-Toledo, Madrid–Segovia-Valladolid, Valladolid-Leon, Madrid-Barcelona, Lleida-Barcelona, Barcelona-French border, Madrid-Valencia, Córdoba-Málaga, Antequera-Granada and Olmedo–Orense–Santiago.
Another historical fact took place in 2007 with the commissioning of the first one of the 26 AVE S103 units, the first one in getting the authorization for the commercial operation service under ERTMS Level 2 in Spain. Siemens was also responsible for equipping, for Renfe, Siemens AVE S103 fleet as well as both Talgo-Bombardier AVE S102 and S112 fleets with the on-board equipment Trainguard 200, specific for Level 2.
To be highlighted is the relevant role of SEMI in the electrification between the Albacete and Alicante stations. The company has been responsible for the design, development and implementation, together with ADIF, of one of the most modern overhead lines: the 2×25 KV ac C-350 catenary. It is a rigid, inclined and simple catenary with mechanical stress regulation. The contact wire if 5,3 m tall, with a maximum deviation of 0,4 m with wind. This project has implemented the Energy Systems Interoperability Technical Specification standards, as well as the UIC and EN standards.
SEMI hs also completed works in the traction substations of the Northwest High-Speed Line, in the Orense-Santiago section and the corrective maintenance of the repeaters network installed in the Madrid-Barcelona AVE tunnels.
Spain is the most competitive and open market for rolling stock in the world. As opposed to other countries, where it is customary to purchase trains almost exclusively from the leading national company, Renfe has assembled its high-speed fleet through a series of extremely competitive tenders in which companies from all over the world have participated. Talgo 350 has the biggest share of Renfe’s very high-speed fleet with 48 sets and soon up to 30 trains of its newest technological platform will follow: AVRIL. In the high-speed segment, Talgo 250 (45 units) is the world’s most flexible and interoperable train: dual track-gauge, dual voltage (AC/DC) and even hybrid.
Implaser has performed the photoluminescent signalling in more than 50 Spanish tunnels, including evacuation signs, low location strips and exit door signs. Its most prominent references include the 30 tunnels of the Madrid-Valencia AVE train, with particular emphasis on “Cabrera”, a tunnel of 7000 meters long and 17 evacuation galleries. The Company has also taken part in the tunnels that connect Barcelona with France, and Atocha with Chamartin.
Implaser photoluminescent signs are approved by ADIF and count on all necessary tests to guarantee their technical quality, performance towards corrosive agents and durability. Its focus on R+D has achieved new coatings that help the sign to last over time without losing its original qualities and improve its maintenance and conservation. The Company works in more than 20 countries to export its photoluminescent signalling for all kind of railway projects: IMPLASOL 580 and IMPLASOL 720. Both are certified as the higher luminance signs in the market, with higher levels than the ones indicated in the most demanding specifications.
Indra’s DaVinci system controls the almost 3,000 kilometers of track that make up Spain’s high-speed rail network. The flexibility, features and advanced technology that this solution offers make it the world’s most advanced rail traffic management platform currently in operation, responding to public demand for faster, more efficient and more punctual transportation with maximum safety levels.
The DaVinci system enables the full integration of all the control and operation elements of the rail network and the integrated management of numerous railroads, in addition to facilitating the automation of the running of the network. The solution manages the rail traffic of all Spain’s Regulation and Control Centers (CRCs), the operating centers created by Indra for Adif, Spain’s railroad infrastructure management company, to control and regulate high-speed rail network traffic, including the Atocha CRC in Madrid, which is considered to be the ‘brain’ of Spanish high-speed rail.
Indra is currently responsible for the provision of the support and maintenance service for the centralized management systems of Spain’s four high-speed rail CRCs: Madrid (Atocha, Delicias and Villaverde), Antequera, Albacete and Zaragoza.
Indra has also applied its signaling and security technology to the various sections, lines and stations of the network and has implemented its ASFA digital on-board system in approximately one third of the trains currently running in Spain.
The company has implemented centralized traffic control, auxiliary sensor systems and safety sensor concentrators, based on its innovative Safety InVITALRAIL platform, on the high-speed line from Burgos to León. It has also installed its ASFA ATP security system, in addition to other telecommunications and security systems, including video surveillance and access control. In addition, the company has installed the ASFA system on the Plasencia-Cáceres-Badajoz section of the high-speed line to Extremadura.
In collaboration with Alstom Spain, Indra is responsible for the installation of civil protection and security systems in Spain’s longest tunnel, the Guadarrama, and in the other three tunnels of the Madrid-Valladolid line, for which it is currently participating in the provision of maintenance services. Again with Alstom, it is installing these same systems in the tunnels of the Pajares variant between La Robla and Pola de Lena, and in the six tunnels on the high-speed line between Antequera and Granada.
The first AVE to travel at 300 kilometres per hour on Spanish railway lines was a model that was designed, built and maintained by Alstom Spain. On 14 April 1992, an Alstom train made the first trip on the Madrid-Seville high-speed line. That first unit was followed by another 23 trains, manufactured at Alstom’s industrial centre in Barcelona.
Today, after comprehensive remodelling and modernisation, these pioneering trains run on the Madrid-Seville, Madrid-Málaga, Madrid-Barcelona and Madrid-Alicante corridors, and they are a benchmark regarding standards of safety, comfort and punctuality. 10 units of the 100 Series were also adapted to run on the Madrid-Barcelona-French border corridor, thereby becoming the first and only AVE that it is capable of running on the French railway network.
Renfe also incorporated new high-speed trains manufactured by Alstom in Spain for a new service that is unique in the world: the so-called Lanzadera (shuttle service) trains. Between 2004 and 2011, the fleet of Renfe Operadora was joined by two new generations of Pendolino, manufactured at the Santa Perpetua plant in Barcelona. These 33 trains, which run under the commercial name Avant, offer high-speed services for medium distances (Madrid-Valladolid, Madrid-Toledo, Madrid-Puertollano, Lérida-Barcelona, Málaga-Seville, etc.).
Alstom’s presence in the Spanish high-speed network is furthermore completed by maintenance services, latest-generation ERTMS signalling systems, the installation of catenary lines and railway tunnel maintenance. On many of these projects, Alstom has been a pioneer in our country, with major milestones that have marked a turning point in the history of Spanish high speed.